How to Transfer Your TFSA to Another Financial Institution

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Have you ever wondered how to transfer your TFSA to another financial institution? Just like transferring your RRSP, it’s a simple process, but due to contribution limits, there are a few other things to consider when moving your Tax-Free Savings Account.

To be clear, there are no tax consequences if you’re transferring your funds from one TFSA to another, but it needs to be done via a direct transfer initiated by the financial institution where your new TFSA is held. Since there is more than one way to transfer your TFSA, I’m going to outline what you want to do to ensure your TFSA transfer is done correctly.

How to transfer your TFSA

How to transfer your TFSA

Before you transfer your TFSA, you need to set up a new TFSA account at another financial institution. Many people choose to go with a robo advisor such as JustWealth, Wealthsimple or RBC InvestEase since they offer low fee automated investing. Alternatively, those going the DIY investor route will open an account with a direct brokerage.

Once your account is set up, you need to have the company where your new TFSA is being held request that the funds from your old TFSA be transferred. To do this, they would require you to fill out a TFSA transfer form as well as the info about where your funds are being held. The easiest way to get this information is to provide them with your most recent statement as it would have the details that they need.

As soon as the transfer request is put through, there’s nothing your old financial institution can do. That said, many of them have a TFSA transfer fee, which you’re required to pay. Before you sign up for your new TFSA account, see if they’ll cover the transfer fee. It could also take up to 3-4 weeks for the transfer to complete.

Now that you’ve got your funds in your new TFSA, you can close your old account. If you prefer, you can keep the old account open, as you can have multiple TFSAs, but it’s probably best to close it.

What happens to my funds during the transfer?

What you’re currently invested in will determine what happens to your funds when you request a transfer. Let’s say you’re currently invested in ETFs widely available to the public, such as Vanguard ones. When doing the transfer, you could ask for a transfer in kind which would port everything you have right to your new financial institution. 

For most people, things aren’t that simple. If you’re looking to transfer your TFSA to somewhere else, you’re likely not happy with what you’re invested in now or with your financial advisor. There’s a good chance that your portfolio consists of mutual funds exclusive to your old financial institution. If those funds aren’t available for purchase within your new TFSA, your old TFSA would be sold, and then the cash would be transferred to you. 

This can be a problem for some people as they might be forced to sell at a loss when they don’t want to. There may also be deferred sales charges that would cost you a few percentage points of your portfolio’s current value. You also need to consider any missed opportunities since it may take a few weeks for your money to arrive.

What if you withdraw your TFSA yourself?

It’s not considered a direct transfer when you withdraw your TFSA and then deposited it into another TFSA. This would be a regular contribution, so there may be tax consequences.

How much you pay in taxes depends on how much you’re contributing. Let’s say you want to transfer $30,000 from your current TFSA to a new account, and you have a total contribution room of $69,500. You could withdraw the $30,000 and then immediately deposit it into your new account, and there would be no tax consequences since you’re now at $60,000, which is below your contribution limit. You would also get that $30,000 contribution room back the following year.

If you had $40,000 in your TFSA, you would only be able to withdraw and contribute $29,500 without going over your limit. TFSA rules are quite strict, so you would be charged a 1% tax on the excess amount for each month that you’re over your limit.

The easiest way to check your TFSA contribution room is to log in to your CRA account since it displays your info. That said, the CRA website is famous for not being up to date, so the number you see may be inaccurate. You’re better off logging all of your contributions and withdrawals on your own, so you know precisely how much TFSA contribution room you have left. A good alternative is to use this TFSA Contribution room calculator.

The easiest way to transfer your TFSA

There is one way to transfer your TFSA that only takes a few days, and there are no tax consequences to worry about. However, it requires a bit of timing.

Since you get your contribution room back from any withdrawals done the previous year, you could sell/withdraw all of your funds in late December and then deposit that money into your new TFSA on January 1st. You’d also be able to contribute the additional room you get since it’s a new year.

For people who are currently using a high interest savings account for their TFSA, this won’t be an issue, but if you’re invested in equities, you could still miss out on any potential gains (or losses) for those few days between the transfer. If you’re in a rush, this option is better than waiting for a few weeks.

Final thoughts

People transfer their TFSA for a variety of reasons. They may want to use a better platform; they want to start investing, or they want to lower their management expense ratio. Switching just because your portfolio has not performed as well as you hoped shouldn’t be the driving force behind your decision as past performance is not an indicator of future performance.

How to Transfer Your TFSA to Another Financial Institution

About Barry Choi

Barry Choi is a Toronto-based personal finance and travel expert who frequently makes media appearances. His blog Money We Have is one of Canada’s most trusted sources when it comes to money and travel. You can find him on Twitter:@barrychoi

13 Comments

  1. Ada Browne on March 18, 2021 at 3:01 PM

    Beginner investor here. If you are waiting for a GIC to mature but have realized there are much better options out there in terms of financial institutions can you start a TFSA with another institution to start investing with them and transfer the other funds once the GIC matures?

    • Barry Choi on March 18, 2021 at 3:04 PM

      Hi Ada,

      Yes, you can have more than one TFSA with different institutions. You just can’t exceed your contribution amount. Let’s say you have unused room of $10,000. You could open a new account, deposit $10K, and invest it right away. When your GIC matures, you could just transfer it over, or withdraw it before the end of the year and deposit it in your new account the following year.

  2. George Nishimura on April 12, 2021 at 12:38 PM

    Is the transfer fee incurred when one transfers a TFSA account between institutions considered a withdrawal and hence can the amount of the fee be replenished into the TFSA account the following January?

    • Barry Choi on April 12, 2021 at 1:34 PM

      George,

      It doesn’t count as a withdrawal so it can’t be readded in the following year.

  3. Paula on April 12, 2021 at 5:02 PM

    I deposited the max amount into a TFSA last year but I already had an account open with a balance of $108. The initial deposit was $100 so I didn’t include the $8 in my max calculation. Is that how it works? Or can the balance never be over the max contribution room and I have to withdraw the earnings?
    Thanks

    • Barry Choi on April 12, 2021 at 5:13 PM

      Hi Paula,

      Any gains made within your TFSA do not count towards your contribution room. You only need to keep track of what you’ve contributed and withdrawn.

      • Paula on April 12, 2021 at 5:15 PM

        Thank you. I actually just read this on the Canadian Government website.

  4. Giovanni on April 17, 2021 at 1:55 AM

    I have my TFSA maxed out and I want to move it to another bank. I don’t wish to wait 3-4 weeks.

    I don’t understand your 30,000 vs 40,000 example…

    Why can’t I just withdraw all the money and deposit it a TFSA at the new bank? At the end of the year CRA will see the withdraw and the deposit and no tax should be owing…no?

    • Barry Choi on April 17, 2021 at 5:31 AM

      Giovanni,

      That’s just how the rules work. If you withdraw any amount and contribute it back in the same year, it’s considered a new contribution.

      If you still have enough contribution room, you could withdraw the funds and then move it over without paying taxes.

  5. David on August 9, 2021 at 3:53 AM

    I have fully contributed TFSA at Simplii. Last year I noticed the interest rate offered by Simplii was very low, so I did self transfer by withdraw $69,500 in December 2020 and deposit this amount into EQ Bank in January 2021. Then I contributed $6000 into EQ for the year of 2021.

    I still have about $4000 earned interest for the past few years remaining at Simplii. I am wondering if I can do self transfer again at the end of this year: withdraw all from Simplii and deposit at EQ in Jan 2022? Would my $4000 not consider as over contribution besides if I contribute another $6000 for 2022 (if that’s the max limit allowed)?

    • Barry Choi on August 9, 2021 at 6:16 AM

      David,

      If you withdraw the remaining $4,000 in 2021 and then deposit in 2022, you’re fine. You could still deposit the new $6,000 in 2022/

  6. David on August 9, 2021 at 10:22 AM

    Thanks Barry! The $4000 room generated by interest won’t be considered as over-contribution when I do self=transfer next year?

    • Barry Choi on August 9, 2021 at 12:48 PM

      Hi David,

      Interest and capital gains can be withdrawn one year and contributed the next year.

      Think of it this way. Whatever you withdraw one year, can be re-contributed the following year, plus your new yearly contribution.

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